FeCrAl Thermal Expansion Eigenstrain

Computes eigenstrain due to thermal expansion using a function that describes the mean thermal expansion as a function of temperature. The function is calculated internally based upon the FeCrAl alloy of interest.

Description

The values provided in the literature for the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of FeCrAl alloys are provided as mean thermal expansion values with a reference temperature of 293.15 K. The method of Niffenegger and Reichlin (2012) is employed to convert the mean thermal expansion values tabulated below into instantaneous values. The methodology described by Niffenegger and Reichlin (2012) is described in detail on the page for ComputeMeanThermalExpansionFunctionEigenstrain in MOOSE.

Table 1: The mean CTE as a function of temperature for MA956 (Corporation, 2004)

Temperature (C)CTE (m/m-K)
10011.3e-6
20011.6e-6
30011.9e-6
40012.3e-6
50012.7e-6
60013.0e-6
70013.4e-6
80013.9e-6
90014.4e-6
100014.9e-6
110015.5e-6

Table 2: The mean CTE as a function of temperature for PM2000 (MatWeb, 2014)

Temperature (C)CTE (m/m-K)
10012.4e-6
25013.1e-6
50014.7e-6
100015.4e-6

Table 3: The mean CTE as a function of temperature for Kanthal APMT (Sandvik, 2012)

Temperature (C)CTE (m/m-K)
25010.7e-6
50012.0e-6
75012.2e-6
100012.5e-6
120015.1e-6

Table 4: The mean CTE as a function of temperature for Fecralloy (MatWeb, 2014)

Temperature (C)CTE (m/m-K)
25011.0e-6
50012.0e-6
100015.0e-6

For the laboratory optimized alloy being developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory known as C35M, it is recommended that the CTE for Kanthal APMT be used in the absence of other data.

Example Input Syntax


[./eigenstrain_APMT]
  type = FeCrAlThermalExpansionEigenstrain
  block = 1
  temperature = temp
  fecral_material_type = APMT
  eigenstrain_name = eigenstrain_APMT
  stress_free_temperature = 300
[../]
(test/tests/tensor_mechanics/fecral_eigenstrains/fecral_thermal_expansion/thexpFeCrAl_APMT_MA956_test_tm.i)

The eigenstrain_name parameter value must also be set in the strain calculator block, as shown below:


[./strain_APMT]
  type = ComputeFiniteStrain
  block = 1
  eigenstrain_names = eigenstrain_APMT
[../]
(test/tests/tensor_mechanics/fecral_eigenstrains/fecral_thermal_expansion/thexpFeCrAl_APMT_MA956_test_tm.i)

Input Parameters

  • stress_free_temperatureReference temperature at which there is no thermal expansion for thermal eigenstrain calculation

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:Reference temperature at which there is no thermal expansion for thermal eigenstrain calculation

  • eigenstrain_nameMaterial property name for the eigenstrain tensor computed by this model. IMPORTANT: The name of this property must also be provided to the strain calculator.

    C++ Type:std::string

    Description:Material property name for the eigenstrain tensor computed by this model. IMPORTANT: The name of this property must also be provided to the strain calculator.

Required Parameters

  • computeTrueWhen false, MOOSE will not call compute methods on this material. The user must call computeProperties() after retrieving the Material via MaterialPropertyInterface::getMaterial(). Non-computed Materials are not sorted for dependencies.

    Default:True

    C++ Type:bool

    Description:When false, MOOSE will not call compute methods on this material. The user must call computeProperties() after retrieving the Material via MaterialPropertyInterface::getMaterial(). Non-computed Materials are not sorted for dependencies.

  • temperatureCoupled temperature

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:Coupled temperature

  • base_nameOptional parameter that allows the user to define multiple mechanics material systems on the same block, i.e. for multiple phases

    C++ Type:std::string

    Description:Optional parameter that allows the user to define multiple mechanics material systems on the same block, i.e. for multiple phases

  • fecral_material_typeAPMTThe FeCrAl alloy being used for the cladding material. Choices are: APMT MA956 PM2000 FECRALLOY C35M

    Default:APMT

    C++ Type:MooseEnum

    Description:The FeCrAl alloy being used for the cladding material. Choices are: APMT MA956 PM2000 FECRALLOY C35M

  • boundaryThe list of boundary IDs from the mesh where this boundary condition applies

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:The list of boundary IDs from the mesh where this boundary condition applies

  • blockThe list of block ids (SubdomainID) that this object will be applied

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:The list of block ids (SubdomainID) that this object will be applied

Optional Parameters

  • enableTrueSet the enabled status of the MooseObject.

    Default:True

    C++ Type:bool

    Description:Set the enabled status of the MooseObject.

  • use_displaced_meshFalseWhether or not this object should use the displaced mesh for computation. Note that in the case this is true but no displacements are provided in the Mesh block the undisplaced mesh will still be used.

    Default:False

    C++ Type:bool

    Description:Whether or not this object should use the displaced mesh for computation. Note that in the case this is true but no displacements are provided in the Mesh block the undisplaced mesh will still be used.

  • control_tagsAdds user-defined labels for accessing object parameters via control logic.

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:Adds user-defined labels for accessing object parameters via control logic.

  • seed0The seed for the master random number generator

    Default:0

    C++ Type:unsigned int

    Description:The seed for the master random number generator

  • implicitTrueDetermines whether this object is calculated using an implicit or explicit form

    Default:True

    C++ Type:bool

    Description:Determines whether this object is calculated using an implicit or explicit form

  • constant_onNONEWhen ELEMENT, MOOSE will only call computeQpProperties() for the 0th quadrature point, and then copy that value to the other qps.When SUBDOMAIN, MOOSE will only call computeSubdomainProperties() for the 0th quadrature point, and then copy that value to the other qps. Evaluations on element qps will be skipped

    Default:NONE

    C++ Type:MooseEnum

    Description:When ELEMENT, MOOSE will only call computeQpProperties() for the 0th quadrature point, and then copy that value to the other qps.When SUBDOMAIN, MOOSE will only call computeSubdomainProperties() for the 0th quadrature point, and then copy that value to the other qps. Evaluations on element qps will be skipped

Advanced Parameters

  • cte_scale_factor1Scale factor to be applied to the thermal expansion coefficient. Used for calibration and sensitivity studies

    Default:1

    C++ Type:double

    Description:Scale factor to be applied to the thermal expansion coefficient. Used for calibration and sensitivity studies

Advanced: Scaling Factors Parameters

  • output_propertiesList of material properties, from this material, to output (outputs must also be defined to an output type)

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:List of material properties, from this material, to output (outputs must also be defined to an output type)

  • outputsnone Vector of output names were you would like to restrict the output of variables(s) associated with this object

    Default:none

    C++ Type:std::vector

    Description:Vector of output names were you would like to restrict the output of variables(s) associated with this object

Outputs Parameters

Input Files

References

  1. Special Metals Corporation. Special Metals Incoloy alloy MA956. www.specialmetals.com/documents/Incoloy, 2004.[BibTeX]
  2. MatWeb. Resistalloy International Fecralloy Electrical Resistance Steel. http://www.matweb.com/search/datasheet.aspx?MatGUID=c2427c6297594858bedac2a4e5981d2f, 2014.[BibTeX]
  3. MatWeb. Schwarzkopf Plansee PM 2000. http://www.matweb.com/search/datasheet.aspx?matguid=21e9ec9a0de24b47bcf69ab11c375567, 2014.[BibTeX]
  4. M. Niffenegger and K. Reichlin. The proper use of thermal expansion coefficients in finite element calculations. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 243:356–359, 2012.[BibTeX]
  5. Sandvik. Kanthal APMT Material Database. http://kanthal.com/en/products/material-datasheets/tube/kanthal-apmt/, 2012.[BibTeX]